Powers of Commission
Powers of the Commission
While enquiring into the complaint, the Commission is vested with all the powers of a civil court in the matter of trial of a suit under the Code of Civil Procedure 1908. In particular, it has power to -
Summon and enforce the attendance of witnesses and examine them on oath;
Order discovery and production of any document;
Receive evidence on affidavits;
Demand any public record from any court or office; and
Issue Commission for examination of witnesses or documents.
The Commission has its own investigating staff headed by police officer of the rank of Inspector General for investigating into complaints of human rights violation. It is also open to the Commission to utilize the office of any officer or investigating agency of a Central Government or State Government. It can also associate NGOs in their investigation work.
The Commission while enquiring into the complaints of violation of human rights may call for information or report from the Central Government or State Government or any other authority or organization subordinate to them within the time specified. If the information or report is not received within the specified time, the Commission may proceed to enquire into complaint on its own. If on the receipt of information or report the Commission is satisfied that no further enquiry is required or that the required action has been initiated or taken by the concerned government or authority it may not proceed with the complaint.
Where the enquiry discloses commission of violation of human rights or failure or negligence in the prevention of violation of human rights by a public servant, it may recommend to the concerned government or authority, initiation of proceeding or prosecution or such other action as the Commission may deem fit against the concerned person or persons.
The Commission may also approach the
Supreme Court or the High Court for such direction, orders or writs as may be
deemed necessary. The Commission may also recommend to the concerned government
or authority grant of relief to the victim or members of his family as the
Commission may consider necessary.
The concerned government or authority, as the case may be, has to intimate the action taken on the report or on recommendation of the Commission within a period of one month.
Jurisdiction of the Commission ordinarily extends to violation of human rights or negligence in the prevention of violation of human rights in the State. However, even where such violation or negligence/ failure to prevent such violation takes place outside the State, in appropriate cases the Commission may either entertain the complaint or initiate action on its own initiative (suo motu) provided the National Human Rights Commission or the State Human Rights Commission of the concerned State (where violation or negligence/ failure to prevent the violation had taken place) has not initiated any proceeding with respect to such violation or negligence/ failure to prevent it.